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I have gone through the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and studied the objects in the universe as dim as  nearly 400 000 times fainter (to our eyes) than our nearest galaxy Andromeda which lies 2.5 million light years away.  In standard practice the astronomers calculate the distances of cosmic objects by measuring the redshift while making the assumptions that the redshifts are caused by the motions of the objects. Thus finding the velocity of recession one applies the big-bang model of cosmology to calculate the distances of the cosmic objects. As I do not share the ideas of the big-bang model, and see that distances calculated from redshifts and big-bang model breed great inconsistencies and peculiarities with distances guessed on the basis of apparent magnitude studies I have sought different interpretation of observed redshift variations than associating them with large variations of distances.

I shall summarize here the main findings of my observations which include studies of two special regions of the sky, as well as the evolution and fractal clustering of objects, and the role of triple spiral behind the creation of cosmic objects. One special region lies around the Bootes ”void” which is nearly devoid of galaxies and is situated in the North Galactic hemisphere; the other special region is crowded with galaxy clusters near Horologium-Reticulum supercluster in the South Galactic hemisphere. The ”void” appears to be the site of new galaxy formation where galaxies wander lonely. These galaxies then move away from all directions as if some unknown force is pushing the cosmic objects away from the centre of the ”Dark”.  The cosmic objects are then drawn towards the other region teeming with clusters of galaxies.  On the way the younger galaxies evolve and form clusters giving rise to a fractal pattern. Inside the galaxies this fractal pattern is also seen to exist down to the scale of the stars. The most remarkable phenomenon in this fractal universe is the existence of a triple spiral, which exists in the ”void” as well as in the super-clusters, clusters, galaxies, star clusters, stars etc. In this study the evolution of cosmic objects is described as tightening of a fractal knot, which bring morphological changes from loose barred structures to elliptical and spherical shapes.

First I have analysed the regions of the ”Bootes Void” on one side, and the ”Horologium-Reticulum Super-Super-Cluster” on the other side of the sky. Next I have studied the story of evolution of galaxies and how they cluster on their ways in their journey from the ”void” towards the ”super-super-cluster” structure. After that I have discussed the role which ”triple spiral” plays in the dynamics of a fractal universe.  In the end I have added some reflections about the dynamics of fractal knot in the evolution of the cosmos.

Begin this journey with

Void, Dark Spiral, Attractor, Giant Super-triple-spiral